Edgar Degas

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Edgar Degas

142 artworks

French Impressionist painter, draftsman, sculptor, printmaker, engraver, lithographer, pastellist and photographer

Born 7/19/1834 - Died 9/27/1917

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On the Stage

1876-1877

Pastel and essence over monotype on cream laid paper, laid down on board

592 x 428 cms | 233 x 168 1/2 ins

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, United States

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L'Etoile

circa 1878

Pastel

Private collection, ,

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The Dance Examination

circa 1880

Pastel on paper

Denver Art Museum, Denver, United States

Credit: Carol Gerten Fine Art Index

The Star

1879-1881

Pastel on cream wove paper, edge mounted on board

733 x 574 cms | 288 1/2 x 225 3/4 ins

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, United States

Credit: Carol Gerten Fine Art Index

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Three Dancers Preparing for Class

circa 1878

Pastel on paper

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Dancers

1896

Pastel

55.2 x 41 cms | 21 1/2 x 16 ins

Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, United States

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Cafe Concert Singer

1878

Pastel on canvas

Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States

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Song of the Dog

circa 1876-circa 1877

Gouache

Private collection, ,

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The Dance Class

1874

Oil on canvas

83.5 x 77.2 cms | 32 3/4 x 30 1/4 ins

Metropolitan Museum of Art, Manhattan, United States

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Before the Race

1887-1889

Pastel

57.5 x 65.4 cms | 22 1/2 x 25 1/2 ins

Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, United States

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Mode

DEGAS, HILAIRE GERMAIN EDGARD (1834-1917), French painter, was born in Paris on the 19th of July 1834. Entering in 1855 the École des Beaux Arts, he early developed independence of artistic outlook, studying under Lamothe [1822-1869]. He first exhibited in the Salon of 1865, contributing a War in the Middle Ages, a work executed in pastel. To this medium he was ever faithful, using it for some of his best work. In 1866 his Steeplechase revealed him as a painter of the racecourse and of all the most modern aspects of life and of Parisian society, treated in an extremely original manner. He subsequently exhibited in 1867 Family Portraits, and in 1868 a portrait of a dancer in the Ballet of La Source. In 1869 and 1870 he restricted himself to portraits; but thenceforward he abandoned the Salons and attached himself to the Impressionists. With Manet [1832-1883] and Monet [1840-1926] he took the lead of the new school at its first exhibition in 1874, and repeatedly contributed to these exhibitions (in 1876, 1878, 1879 and 1880). In 1868 he had shown his first study of a dancer, and in numerous pastels he proclaimed himself the painter of the ballet, representing its figurantes in every attitude with more constant aim at truth than grace. Several of his works may be seen at the Luxembourg Gallery, to which they were bequeathed, among a collection of impressionist pictures, by M. Caillebotte [1848-1894]. In 1880 Degas showed his powers of observation in a set of Portraits of Criminals, and he attempted modelling in a Dancer, in wax. He afterwards returned to his studies of the sporting world, exhibiting in December 1884 at the Petit Gallery two views of Races which had a great success, proving the increasing vogue of the artist among collectors. He is ranked with Manet as the leader of the impressionist school. At the eighth Impressionist Exhibition, in 1886, Degas continued his realistic studies of modern life, showing drawings of the nude, of workwomen, and of jockeys. Besides his pastels and his paintings of genre and portraits among these, several likenesses of Manet, Degas also handled his favorite subjects in etching and in aquatint; and executed several lithographs of singers at café-concerts, of Balletgirls, and indeed of every possible subject of night-life and incidents behind the scenes. His work is to be seen not only at the Luxembourg but in many of the great private collections in Paris, in England and America. In the Centenary Exhibition of 1900 he exhibited The Interior of a Cotton-Brokers Office at New Orleans (belonging to the Museum at Pau) and The Rehearsal.

See also G. Moore, "Degas, the Painter of Modern Life," Magazine of Art (1890); J. K. Huysmans, Certains (Paris, 1889); G. Geifroy, La Vie Artistique (3 Series, Paris, 1894).

Source: Entry on the artist in the 1911 Edition Encyclopedia.